Monday, February 22, 2016

Mesotherapy Treatment for Peripheral Araterial Disease PAD

Peripheral arterial disease, which is also known as PAD, is a problem to do with circulation, which reduces blood flow to the limbs. Blood flow can’t keep up with the demand by your muscles. The result is usually leg pain when walking. The problem is is known officially as intermittent claudicating.


Mesotherapy can help with calf pain associated with PAD.
The good news is that this is an issue that can be treated with mesotherapy. Injections of nutrients, homeopathy and natural stimulants can help stimulate the circulation and eliminate some of the unpleasant symptoms. Injections of aminophylline, L-Carnetine and PTC might also help, depending on the situation of the individual.

Technically, peripheral arterial disease refers to a problem with any of the arteries outside, or peripheral to, your heart, however the term is commonly used to describe circulatory problems in your limbs or pelvis.



Symptoms of PAD

The main symptom, intermittent claudication is characterized by muscle pain or cramping in your legs or arms that is provoked by a certain amount of activity, such as walking, but disappears after a few minutes of rest. The location of the pain depends on the location of the clogged or narrowed artery in the body. Calf pain is most common warning that you may developing PAD.

The severity of intermittent claudication varies widely. Pain from this condition can range from mildly bothersome to debilitating. Severe intermittent claudication can cripple some people.

Other signs and symptoms of peripheral arterial disease include cold legs or feet, leg numbness or weakness, sores on your feet and hair loss on the feet and legs. Your leg or toenails can also change color.

If peripheral arterial disease progresses, pain may even occur when you're at rest or when you're lying down. This is called ischemic rest pain. It may be intense enough to prevent sleep or wake you from sleep.

Causes of PAD

Factors that increase your risk of developing peripheral arterial disease include:

  • Smoking
  • Being older than age 50
  • Having diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Having high blood pressure and
  • Having high cholesterol

People who smoke or have diabetes have the greatest risk of complications from PAD — such as tissue death (gangrene) in a leg due to reduced blood flow.

Yet another common cause of this condition is Periocarditis, where the sac surrounding the heart becomes infected.

Treatment of PAD

Several medications are used to treat this disorder.  Cholesterol lowering medications called statins can be used to lower your risk of heart attack and stroke. You may also be prescribed high blood pressure medication and medication to control blood sugar.

Medications to prevent blood clots night also be prescribed as when blood flow is reduced to the limbs there is definitely a greater risk of developing blood clots.  A blood clot can completely block an already narrowed blood vessel and cause tissue death. This can cause gangrene and a possible amputation of the limb.

In some cases, angioplasty or surgery may be necessary to treat periocarditis  arterial disease that is causing intermittent claudication.

An angioplasty which is a procedure where a catheter is threaded through a blood vessel may be performed to open up the arteries. A stent might also be inserted and left in the artery to help keep it open.  Your doctor could also do bypass surgery using a synthetic vessel or one from another part of your body.

A supervised exercise program is also part of a supervised exercise-training program. Regular exercise improves symptoms of PAD by a number of methods, including helping your body use oxygen more efficiently.

Studies have shown that exercise therapy improves the ability to walk without pain as well as surgical treatment or angioplasty does. It's the most effective treatment for the symptom of intermittent claudication.

Patients undergoing mesotherapy for this disorder should definitely quit smoking.  You should also recommend that your patient should choose a diet that is healthy for blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Eating foods that prevent artery diseases such as cold-water fish, flaxseeds, walnuts and canola oil can help.

If blood flow is restricted to the limbs then you also might want to ask the patient to take better care of his or her feet. Poor blood circulation can lengthen or prevent proper healing and increases the risk for the kinds of infection that could possibly lead to amputation.  To prevent this you should wash your feet daily and moisturize them well and often to prevent cracks that can lead to infection. You should also take care when trimming your nails and promptly treat any fungal infections.

Prognosis


You can often successfully treat peripheral arterial disease with exercise, with a healthy diet and, most important, by quitting smoking if you smoke. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to stop its progression.


Of perhaps greater concern is that peripheral arterial disease is likely to be a sign of widespread accumulation of fatty deposits in the arteries (atherosclerosis). This condition may be reducing blood flow to the heart and brain as well.

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